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UPSC Syllabus 2022 | IAS Syllabus 2022 | Official Civil Services Syllabus

UPSC CSE Complete Syllabus - UPSC IAS Complete Syllabus

In this post we have published UPSC IAS Syllabus for Civil Services to be held in 2022. You can see UPSC Syllabus here. Along with this, we have also provided a list of best books here at the end of the article, with the help of which you can cover this syllabus and clear your UPSC exam.


Civil Services Exam (IAS Exam), the most coveted exam of all, is conducted by UPSC every year to recruit candidates to various services & posts in the Government of India. It is a two stage exam consisting of:


1. Civil Services Preliminary Examination (objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination.


2. Civil Services Main Examination (Written & Interview) for the selection of candidates for various services & posts as mentioned in official notification.


UPSC IAS Preliminary Exam Pattern & Syllabus


The first stage of the exam i.e., the Civil Services Preliminary Exam is only a screening test and is conducted to shortlist candidates for the Main Examination. Marks secured in Preliminary Exam are not taken into account while preparing the final merit.


Preliminary Exam consists of two papers of objective type carrying a maximum of 400 marks.



 No. of Papers



 2 compulsory papers


 Type of Questions



 Objective (MCQ) type


 Total Maximum Marks



 400 (200 each paper)


 Duration of Exam


 2 hrs. each (20 minutes per hour extra time for blind candidates & candidate with Locomotor Disability & Cerebral Palsy [minimum 40% impairment])



 Negative Marking



 1/3rd of the marks assigned to a question


 Medium of Exam



 Bilingual (Hindi & English)


1. General Studies Paper-I Syllabus For UPSC IAS


It has 100 questions broadly covering the following topics carrying a maximum of 200 marks to be solved in 2 hours.


Current events of National & International importance.


History of India & Indian National Movement.


Indian & World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India & the World.


Indian Polity & Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.


Economic & Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.


General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity & climate change – that do not require subject specialization.


General Science Syllabus For IAS UPSC


2. General Studies Paper-II Syllabus


It comprises of 80 questions from the following topics carrying a maximum of 200 marks to be solved in 2 hours.


Comprehension.


Interpersonal skills including communication skills.


Logical reasoning & analytical ability.


Decision making & problem solving.


General mental ability.


Basic numeracy (numbers & their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)


General Studies Paper-II of IAS Exam is a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.


It is mandatory for a candidate to appear in both the Papers of IAS Prelim Exam for the purpose of evaluation.


UPSC IAS Main Exam Pattern & Syllabus 2022


Civil Services Main Examination consists of written examination and interview (personality test).

Civil Services Main Examination consists of following papers divided into 2 categories – qualifying & papers to be counted for merit.


 

Qualifying Papers


 


 

 Marks

 

 Paper-A


 

One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution


 

300

 

Paper-B


 

One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution


 

300

 

Papers to be Counted for Merit


 


 

250

 

 Paper-I


 

 Essay

 

250

 

 Paper-II


 

General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)


 

250

 

 Paper-III


 

General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)


 

250

 

Paper-IV


 

Genera Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)


 

250

 

Paper-IV


 

General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

 

250

 

Paper-IV


 

Optional Subject – Paper 1


 

250

 

Paper-VII



 

 Optional Subject – Paper 2

 

250

 

 Sub Total (Written Test)


 


 

1750

 

Personality Test


 


 

275

 

Personality Test


 



 2025


Important Points: - UPSC IAS Syllabus 2022


1. The papers on Indian languages and English (Paper A and paper B) will be of qualifying nature and the marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

2. The papers on Indian languages and English (Paper A and paper B) will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard.

3. The papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance who attain 25% marks in ‘Indian Language’ and 25% in ‘English’ as minimum qualifying standards in these qualifying papers.

4. Marks obtained by the candidates for the Paper I-VII only will be counted for merit ranking.

5. The question papers for the main examination will be of conventional (essay) type and each paper will be of 3 hour duration.

6. Candidates will have the option to answer all the question papers, except the Qualifying Language Papers, Paper-A and Paper-B, in any one of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India or in English.

7. The question papers (other than the literature of language papers) will be set in Hindi and English only.

8. Compensatory time of twenty minutes per hour shall be permitted for the Blind candidates and the candidates with locomotor disability and cerebral palsy where dominant (writing) extremity is affected to the extent of slowing the performance of function (minimum of 40% impairment) in both the Civil Services (Preliminary) as well as in the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

Syllabus of UPSC Main Examination Papers


I. Qualifying Papers on Indian Languages and English

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:

English Language:

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

Indian Languages:

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

II. Paper-I: Essay

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics.

They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely.

Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

III. Paper-II: General Studies-I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

(i) Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

(ii) Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

(iii) The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

(iv) Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

(v) History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

(vi) Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

(vii) Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

(viii) Effects of globalization on Indian society.

(ix) Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

(x) Salient features of world’s physical geography.

(xi) Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

(xii) Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

IV. Paper-III: General Studies-II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

(i) Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

(ii) Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

(iii) Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

(iv) Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

(v) Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

(vi) Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

(vii) Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

(viii) Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

(ix) Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

(x) Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

(xi) Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

(xii) Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

(xiii) Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

(xiv) Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

(xv) Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

(xvi) Role of civil services in a democracy.

(xvii) India and its neighborhood- relations.

(xviii) Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

(xix) Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

(xx) Important International institutions, agencies and fora - their structure, mandate.

V. Paper-IV: General Studies-III

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

(i) Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

(ii) Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

(iii) Government Budgeting.

(iv) Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

(v) Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System-objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

(vi) Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

(vii) Land reforms in India.

(viii) Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

(ix) Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

(x) Investment models.

(xi) Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

(xii) Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

(xiii) Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

(xiv) Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

(xv) Disaster and disaster management.

(xvi) Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

(xvii) Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

(xviii) Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

(xix) Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

(xx) Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

VI. Paper-V: General Studies-IV

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society.

Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects.

The following broad areas will be covered:

(i) Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

(ii) Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

(iii) Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

(iv) Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

(v) Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

(vi) Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

(vii) Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

(viii) Case Studies on above issues.

VII. Paper – VI & VII

Optional Subject Papers I & II.

A candidate may opt for any one Optional Subject from the following:

(i) Agriculture

(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

(iii) Anthropology

(iv) Botany

(v) Chemistry

(vi) Civil Engineering

(vii) Commerce and Accountancy

(viii) Economics

(ix) Electrical Engineering

(x) Geography

(xi) Geology

(xii) History

(xiii) Law

(xiv) Management

(xv) Mathematics

(xvi) Mechanical Engineering

(xvii) Medical Science

(xviii) Philosophy

(xix) Physics

(xx) Political Science and International Relations

(xxi) Psychology

(xxii) Public Administration

(xxiii) Sociology

(xxiv) Statistics

(xxv) Zoology

(xxvi) Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

Each Optional Subject has 2 compulsory papers.

FAQ'S About UPSC Syllabus


If you also have any question related to UPSC Syllabus or IAS Exam Syllabus, then tell us in the comment box, we will try to answer it soon but before that take a look at these questions so that you can know more about IAS Exam.

What are the subjects in UPSC?


UPSC Prelims Subjects List

  1. History.
  2. Geography.
  3. Political Science / Civics.
  4. Economics.
  5. General Science - Physics, Chemistry & Biology.
  6. Environmental Science.
  7. Sociology.

What is the main syllabus of UPSC?


History.
Paper B English

Paper I Essay

Paper II General Studies I – Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society

Paper III General Studies II – Governance, Constitution, Welfare Initiatives, Social Justice & International Relations

What is the syllabus of UPSC Prelims 2022?


UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2022 | Paper-I (General Studies-I)

History of India and Indian National Movement. Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World. Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

Is IAS syllabus tough?


A lot of people consider the IAS exam to be the toughest exam in India. This is because of the very low pass percentage here. Also, there is a huge syllabus (check the UPSC syllabus in the link) to be covered not to mention the variety of topics one has to learn for it.

How can I crack UPSC?


Check out this strategy to crack UPSC exam in 8 points:

  1. Beginning. Start with NCERT (Class 6-12) and clear your basics. ...
  2. Advanced stage. ...
  3. Coaching or self study. ...
  4. Big cities vs small cities. ...
  5. Discussion is the key. ...
  6. Smart study. ...
  7. Stay away from negativity. ...
  8. This exam can make you an intellectual.

What are the 9 papers in IAS mains?


The 9 papers in IAS Exam (Mains) are as follows: Paper-A (Compulsory Indian Language); Paper –B (English) which are qualifying in nature, while the other papers like Essay, General Studies Papers I, II, III, and IV, and Optional Papers I and II are considered for the final ranking. Sl.

Is Ncert is enough for UPSC?


Are NCERT books enough for IAS? NCERT books are a must for the IAS exam. However, candidates should also refer to subject-specific books (e.g. Indian Polity by Laxmikant) and keep tabs on the current affairs.

What is qualifying paper in UPSC?


UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam consists of nine papers out of which Paper A is the Compulsory Indian Language Paper. It is a qualifying paper, hence, the score obtained in this paper is not calculated while determining the final rank. You need to score 25% or 75+ marks out of 300 marks in order to pass this paper.

Can I clear UPSC in 6 months?


Even if you start preparing now – if you adopt the right strategies, do the smart-work, learn what is needed, and don't go behind everything under the Sun – yes, you can clear UPSC CSE Prelims with just 6 months of preparation.

Can we clear UPSC in 1 year?


The answer is yes. One year is sufficient to crack IAS exam no matter how difficult UPSC exam is. ... The IAS exam which is also known as the civil services exam is a government exam conducted annually by the UPSC. 1 year is enough for the IAS preparation if an individual focuses on study with a full concentration.

Can I crack UPSC in 3 months?


In the three months (last 90 days) of the UPSC IAS Prelim Exam preparation, one needs to establish a schedule. Make sure one studies and revise all the subjects, ensuring multiple revisions. Give extra time to those areas which require an extra push. The schedule must include time for the mock tests.

Is UPSC mains Mcq?


To answer the question “Is UPSC Mains MCQ type?” No, they are not. Unlike the prelims, the Mains are of subjective type. Detailed and comprehensive answers are expected to be written.

How can I start my IAS Preparation at home?


How to prepare for IAS at home?

  • Understand the UPSC pattern and procedure first.
  • Go through the UPSC syllabus thoroughly.
  • Start reading a few books and watch video lectures online for a few basic subjects like polity, history, geography, etc.
  • Read the newspaper regularly.

How many essays are there in UPSC?


The Essay Paper is one of the nine papers in the UPSC civil services mains exam. In this paper, you will have to write two essays, each with a word count of 1000 – 1200. One topic can be selected from a choice of four topics. The Essay Paper is for a total of 250 marks with one essay for 125 marks.

How can I crack IAS by self study?


How to start preparation for IAS without coaching?

  • Step #1: Know the UPSC CSE.
  • Step #2: Internalise the UPSC syllabus.
  • Step #3: Plan your work and then work your plan.
  • Step #4: Make notes and revise.
  • Step #5: Get help whenever needed.
  • Step #6: Use online sources.

Can an average student crack UPSC? 


This is only a myth. If your question is “Can an average student crack IAS?”, then the answer is YES! We present a few success stories of some aspirants who were “average” students and yet cleared the exam proving that you need not be a topper to crack the IAS Exam.

Do Upsc questions repeat?


NO, UPSC does not repeat same but ask similar questions ,You get the idea, refer Previous Year Question Papers, as it help students practice well and manage their time well ,as well as accuracy for the civil services exam.

How can I revise my Upsc history?


Frequent Revision Technique is basically the same as the standard revision technique but differs in the time period between studying a topic for the first time and revising it. It emphasizes that a UPSC aspirant should study repeatedly with no more than 5 or 6 days gap between two readings of the same topic.

What is the negative marking in UPSC Prelims?


Each incorrect answer carries a negative marking of o. 33%, which means for every wrong answer 0.66 marks will be deducted.

Can I crack UPSC without English?


“You cannot prepare for UPSC, let alone crack it, if you are not an English medium student.” In 2022, the Centre had introduced the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) — to evaluate candidates' comprehension, communication and decision-making skills — to the civil services exam.

Conclusion

We hope you have got complete information about UPSC Syllabus. Whenever you want to see the syllabus of any exam in future, then you can come to our site by writing Officialsyllabus.in on Google and you can see the syllabus of any exam in detail. In today's post, we have given you information about IAS Syllabus, if you liked the article, then share it and if you have any query related to UPSC Syllabus then you can comment. Do share this page, your one share boosts our motivation.

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